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Types of Depression

                                       Types of Depression

When you are depressed, it can feel like you’ll never get out from under a dark shadow. However, even the most severe depression is treatable.

Seven signs of depression so that you can maybe identify if this is something that you're struggling with and seek help if you think that might be appropriate for you  with many people who are struggling with depression and know that it can be a really really tough thing to be dealing with and so I really want to help you to recognize if this is something that might be too much for you to handle right now and something where it would be good for you to reach out and talk to an expert there are many many things that you can do if you're depressed to feel a little bit better and I want to make sure you understand what those are but first I want to start by helping you understand what the typical signs and symptoms are. 


Signs of Depression


  • One of the most common signs of depression is a feeling of sadness or irritability that is really pervasive and doesn't seem to go away no matter what you do if you're with friends if you're by yourself the sadness just sort of becomes your reality irritability can also be present and this is much more typical in teens that they will present with more irritability than sadness when they're dealing with depression .



  • Second sign of depression is feeling really hopeless and this can be hopeless about getting better it can be a sense of hopelessness about the future and the ability of sort of achieving your hopes and dreams and again it's it's a very very tough symptom to deal with because other people can tell you you know you have so much to look forward to or this great thing is happening in your life but if you're really struggling with depression that hopeless this just kind of takes over and keeps you stuck.



  • The third sign of depression that you should be aware of is something called anhedonia which is really a fancy way of saying a loss of interest in things that you previously used to enjoy. For example you might really be into gardening and all of the sudden you find that no matter how many times you garden or if you try to garden there's just not the same joy that you're getting out of it that you used to or maybe you used to really be really social and enjoy spending time with your friends and you find that you just can't bring yourself to get out of the house and to go and interact with these friends and it's really really difficult to deal with because it's very hard to motivate yourself when the things that really used to be what got you out of bed and got you ready for the day no longer hold the same enjoyment and pleasure that they used to.



  • The fourth sign of depression is either decreased concentration and/or indecision the difficulty with making decisions and this can be really difficult when you have to function either in the workplace or you have a lot of responsibilities at home because you'll find that it's harder to complete the tasks that you need to complete and if you do need to make decisions there's almost like this decision paralysis where you find that you just can't get yourself to the place of making choices that used to come really easily to you.



  • The fifth sign of depression that you should be aware of our changes in sleep and this can be either that you find yourself sleeping a lot more than you used to and having like a really hard time getting out of bed maybe you've never been a Napper and all of the sudden you're taking a nap every day on the other side of the spectrum many people who are struggling with depression find that they can't sleep that they're racked with insomnia for the first time in their life and they're laying in bed and their thoughts just keep running around and they're feeling sad and they're feeling hopeless and so either too much or too little sleep is a really cardinal sign of depression that you should be aware of.



  • The sixth sign of depression that you should be aware of our changes in appetite or weight and this can be either in the positive or the negative depression sometimes when people are depressed they find that they use food for comfort and end up eating a lot more than typical and gaining weight and sometimes when people are depressed they lose their appetite completely and don't eat at all and find that they lose weight so if you've had any significant weight changes within the last couple months and you also have some of the other signs and symptoms we're talking about it might be a good idea to consider that there's some level of depression going on that you're struggling with so another .



  • The seventh sign of depression that we're going to talk about is a sense of worthlessness so and really this is very very difficult for people to handle because it's a sense that no matter what they do they're not enough their life is not enough and it won't ever be enough and this is such a difficult thing to be dealing with and so I think my overall message as you're learning about these signs of depression is.



The Different Types of Depression

Major Depressive Disorder


A major depressive disorder is made up of one or more major depressive episodes that severely impact life functioning. A major depressive episode is two weeks or more of exhibiting five of the following symptoms (at least one of which must be of the top two):


A depressed mood (a low mood, sadness)

Loss of pleasure in previously pleasurable activities

Weight and appetite changes

Sleep disturbance

Increase or decrease in the speed of muscle activity

Fatigue, loss of energy

Extremely low self-esteem

The difficulty with thinking and concentration

Repeated thoughts of death, dying or suicide

A suicide attempt or plan


Types of Depression
Types of Depression


Depression with Melancholic Features



This form of depression requires a lack of pleasure from almost all stimuli previously found pleasurable and requires the addition of at least three of the following symptoms:

Depression that is worse in the morning
Waking up 2 hours earlier than usual
Observable muscle slowing or speeding up
Significant weight loss or anorexia

Extreme feelings of guilt.


Depression with Catatonic Features



 Depression with catatonic features requires two of the following symptoms:

Muscle immobility, trance-like
Muscle activity without reason
Extreme negativism or mutism
Unusual posturing, grimacing, and movements
Repetition of the words or actions of others




Atypical Depression


 It includes a mood that is changeable by outside stimuli. 

Significant weight gain or appetite

Increased sleep

Feelings of heaviness in the extremities that lead to impaired functioning

Sensitivity to interpersonal rejection


Seasonal Affective Disorder



It is often known as SAD, is one of the types of depression that require specific timing of depressive episodes rather than a specific set of symptoms. In this type of depression, depressive episodes correspond with a season. These depressive episodes must have occurred for at least two years.

Postpartum Depression(PPD)
Postpartum Depression(PPD)


Depressive Disorders 



As with most mental illness, there is a type of depression known as not otherwise specified (NOS), which allows a clinician to diagnose depression in someone who does not perfectly fit into the current diagnostic model.


Persistent Depressive disorder/ Dysthymia

It is a type of depression that lasts for years taking over a person's life it used to be called dysthymia but since their latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for mental disorders came out they changed the name to persistent depressive disorder however if you prefer the name dysthymia then continue to use that it's still called that but the official name is persistent depressive disorder but what is it persistent depressive disorder or dysthymia has similar symptoms to major depressive disorder the main difference is the symptoms may be less severe but go on for a prolonged period of time of more than two years.

 Major depressive disorder and assistant depressive disorder to be diagnosed with the major depressive disorder you have to experience the symptoms for more than two weeks but the persistent depressive disorder is more than two years

The symptoms are the same but they change in their severity and persistent depressive disorder is called low-grade depression although it even though it's low-grade it's still depression it's still hard to live with it's still debilitating especially if it goes on for more than two years so but major depressive disorder the symptoms are more intense more severe lasts for a less amount of time persistent depressive disorder  lasts for a long time and has a low lower grade depression.

a major depressive disorder persistent depressive disorder is characterized by a persistent down feeling for more than two years together with some of the other symptoms of depression the essential feature of persistent depressive disorder is a depressed mood that occurs for most of the day for more days than not for at least two years for adults and one year for children and adolescents so to get a diagnosis as a child or an adolescent you only need to be experiencing these symptoms for a year but here two years that is a very very long time to be battling with this disorder symptoms.

Symptoms of Persistent Depressive disorder can come and go over time and the intensity of the symptoms can change so what are the symptoms persistent depressive disorder symptoms can include the following poor appetite or overeating loss of interest in daily activities so things that you used to find joy in you're no longer getting that joy that pleasure from them insomnia hypersomnia insomnia not getting enough sleep hypersomnia getting too much sleep or sleeping too much low energy or fatigue I understand this I've battled with depression myself because of my personality disorder

I understand what it feels like to have the low energy or fatigue I also go towards overeating I lose interest in daily activities and experience sometimes hypersomnia there are also symptoms such as low self-esteem self-criticism or feeling incapable.

  I found it very very hard to not criticize myself and the lack of my self-esteem is quite low so I'm feeling a bit insecure about what I'm doing but hopefully that's not coming across feeling incapable I also have experienced that not being able to complete things not being able to focus not being able to understand what's going on feeling completely incapable of doing tasks poor concentration that kind of follows on from what I just said and for me poor concentration has been a bit of an issue  but some other people may experience it.

 In different ways so poor concentration is another one difficulty in making decisions this is another one that could be you could be faced with if you have persistent depressive disorder feelings of hopelessness or helplessness decreased activity and productivity social isolation now this can be this because this is because you may be withdrawn from society because you are feeling so low so we're drawn you've got poor concentration you're feeling incapable you've got low energy low self-esteem and you have difficulty making decisions .

So you're more likely to be isolated from other people irritability or anger and this can come out in various ways maybe even go towards self-harm for the anger or irritability kind of getting slightly annoyed irritated by people around you quite quickly quicker than maybe you used to sadness or feeling down very very important part very very key symptoms the sadness and feeling down.

 I completely understand that and that is really  hard feelings of guilt and not being able to sort of get away from those feelings of guilt they're very very intense and take over but in children depressed mood and irritability are from the primary symptoms so they're the ones that people really look out for and again if you're an adult these have to be present for two years or more and for a child or adolescent one year due to the chronic nature of the symptoms people sometimes feel like persistent sadness is just a part of life.

 So they've been experiencing this for so long that they don't perhaps even remember what it was like to feel happy they just been in this permanent sadness and obviously the longer it goes on the worse things get because you're not able to kind of live your normal life your everything is in the way all the symptoms I've just talked about they stop you from leading a healthy happy life so we need to get help the more the quicker you get help the better you will be able to cope with your illness and if you do experience the symptoms of this dysphoria or persistent depressive disorder then do get help there is help available there are therapies that you can have there are medications that you can take there's support out there you just need to go and find it seek it as soon as possible if you suffer from persistent depressive disorder or dysthymia and do you prefer which name do you use do you not like persistent depressive disorder. 

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Types of Depression Types of Depression Reviewed by Technical Vishwadeep on 4:16 PM Rating: 5

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